Article Details

Bio-Technology Patents – Protection Available Under International Agreements | Original Article

S. K. Tannan* in Anusandhan (RNTUJ-AN) | Multidisciplinary Academic Research


Bio-technology plays an important role in the fields of medicine, food, fertilizer, energy and protection of environment. Bio-technology concerns living organisms, such as plants, animals and micro-organisms, as well as non-living biological material, such as seed, cells, enzymes, plasmids and the like. Bio- technology is one of the most research intensive industries in the world. In the U.S alone, the bio-tech industry reportedly spent $9 billion in research and development in 1997.