Article Details

The Concept of Social Justice in Indian Constitution | Original Article

Shriram Pate in Shodhaytan (RNTUJ-STN) | Multidisciplinary Academic Research


India a secular and democratic country is regarded as a model of pluralistic society, which is reflected in its cultural, pluralized of various religion, castes, languages and regions. About 82% of the Indian Population follows Hinduism and 15% Islam. Its plurality is visible in four fold Verna system (Brahmin, Khstriya, Vishay, shudra) and about 5000(five thousand) Castes and sub casts. Now the segmental excepts of the traditional four fold Verna system is reflected in terms of four major caste groups created by the Modern participatory Democratic political system such as the scheduled caste (Sc 16.73%) the scheduled Tribes (St 7.95%) other backward classes (OBC 52%) and the rest as upper caste or forward caste (estimated 23%). These four modern caste categories also include social segment of the minorities 2 The Judicial pronouncement with regal to backward classes of citizens has created round on two points. The first is the identification of backward classes of people and second is fixation of quota of reservation in employment of government services. To achieve the goal of social justice state is empowered to provide reservation to the weaker section of society but the reservation is not absolute and unconditional, it cannot be motivated to achieve political goal.